梅雨鋒面I: 豪雨的解析及臺灣梅雨預報(中文版)

Course rating: 5 stars.
(Rated by 3 users)
Course categories:中尺度氣象 Mesoscale Meteorology
Course start date:2018/03/27
Hours:1.50 - 2.00 h
Origin:UCAR|COMET

Description

本課程主要介紹梅雨鋒面特徵,以及中央氣象局進行臺灣梅雨降水預報的方法。課程中分別討論梅雨的三維結構、舉升機制及降水型態,並使用個案研究,以幫助學習者練習預測可能的豪(大)雨區域。

Objectives

完成該課程,您將能學會:

  • 描述臺灣的梅雨預報流程。
  • 描述有關梅雨鋒的重要參數,以及其三維結構。
  • 利用中央氣象局的梅雨檢查表,判斷該波梅雨何時可能為臺灣帶來豪(大)雨。
  • 描述發生在梅雨鋒附近兩種主要造成豪(大)雨的降水型態。
  • 使用適合的梅雨參數,以預報豪(大)雨可能發生在哪一分區。
  • 使用探空資料及衛星資料,以增加預報員對豪(大)雨預報的信心度。

Keywords

Mei-Yu Front, heavy precipitation, precipitation types, torrential rainfall, forecast process, three-dimensional structure

梅雨鋒面、豪雨、大雨、降雨型態、強降雨、預報流程、三維結構

Prerequisite Knowledge

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References

謝信良 (1996)。嘉南地區定量降水預報整合計畫─總計畫(二)。國科會防災研究報告NSC85-2621-P-052-002,161 頁。

Chen, G. T. -J. (1992): Mesoscale features observed in the Taiwan Mei-Yu season. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. 2, 70(1B), 497-516.

Chen, G. T. -J. (2004): Research on the phenomena of meiyu during the past quarter century: An overview. East Asian Monsoon, C. P. Chang, Ed., World Scientific Series on Meteorology of East Asia, Vol. 2, World Scientific, 357–403.

Chen, C., Tao, W. -K., Lin, P. -L., Lai, G. S., Tseng, S. -F., & Wang, T. -C. C. (1998): The intensification of the low-level jet during the development of mesoscale convective systems on a Mei-Yu front. Monthly weather review, 126(2), 349-371.

Chen, G. T. -J., Wang, C. -C., & Lin, L. -F. (2006): A diagnostic study of a retreating Mei-Yu front and the accompanying low-level jet formation and intensification. Monthly weather review, 134(3), 874-896.

Chen, G. T. -J., Wang, C. -C., & Liu, S. C. S. (2003). Potential vorticity diagnostics of a Mei-Yu front case. Monthly weather review, 131(11), 2680-2696.

Hsu, J. (1998): ARMTS up and running in Taiwan. Väisälä News, 146, 24–26.

Hung, C. -W., & Hsu, H. -H. (2008): The first transition of the Asian summer monsoon, intraseasonal oscillation, and Taiwan Mei-Yu. Journal of Climate, 21(7), 1552-1568.

Kuo, Y. -H., & Chen, G. T. -J. (1990): The Taiwan area mesoscale experiment (TAMEX): An overview. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 71(4), 488-503.

Shieh, S. -L. (1996): The integrated study on quantitative forecast of precipitation in Chia-Nan Area-Project Office (2) (in Chinese). National Science Council Tech. Rep. NSC-85-2621-P- 052-002, 161 pp.

Wang, C. and G.T. Chen, 2002: Case Study of the Leeside Mesolow and Mesocyclone in TAMEX. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 2572–2592.

Wang, C. -C., Kung, C. -Y., Lee, C. -S., & Tai-Jen Chen, G. (2012): Development and evaluation of Mei-Yu season quantitative precipitation forecasts in Taiwan river basins based on a conceptual climatology model. Weather and Forecasting, 27(3), 586-607.

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Jet Streak Circulations - MetEd (2005)

S-290 Unit 6: Atmospheric Stability - MetEd (2010)


Contributors

Project Contributors

Program Manager
  • Tsvetomir Ross-Lazarov — UCAR/COMET
Project Lead
  • Tsvetomir Ross-Lazarov — UCAR/COMET
Instructional Design
  • Tsvetomir Ross-Lazarov — UCAR/COMET
Principle Science Advisors
  • 黃椿喜 (Dr. Treng-shi Huang), Section Chief - Central Weather Bureau/Weather Forecast Center
  • 林秉煜 (Ping-Yu Lin), Section Chief - Central Weather Bureau/Weather Forecast Center
  • 張心華 (Hsin-Hua Chang), Associate Technical Specialist, Central Weather Bureau/Weather Forecast Center
  • 劉人瑋 (Jen-Wei Liu), Associate Technical Specialist, Central Weather Bureau/Weather Forecast Center
  • Vanessa Vincente, Meteorologist — UCAR/COMET
  • Dr. Rich Jeffries, Meteorologist — UCAR/COMET
Science Advisors
  • 陳泰然 (Dr. George Tai-Jen Chen), CHAIR/EMERITUS, National Taiwan University/Atmospheric Science
  • 王重傑 (Chung-Chieh Wang), Professor, National Taiwan Normal University/Department of Earth Sciences
  • 劉宇其 (Yu-Chi Liu), Associate Technical Specialist, Central Weather Bureau/Weather Forecast Center
Graphics/Animations
  • Steve Deyo — UCAR/COMET
  • 張家瑜 (Chia-Yu Chang), Junior Technical Specialist, Central Weather Bureau/Weather Forecast Center
Multimedia Authoring/Interface Design
  • Gary Pacheco — UCAR/COMET